Skip to main content

Phased Approach for Determining the Presence of Radionuclides in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Residuals

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

The presence of radioactive materials in biosolids—from both natural and industrial sources—has received increased attention in recent years. In the summer of 1994, Congressional hearings were held in response to a General Accounting Office Study, Action Needed to Control Radioactive Contamination at Sewage Treatment Plants (GAO/RCED-94-133). This report identified inadequacies in the regulation of radionuclide discharges to sanitary sewers, a situation that is potentially further complicated by the lack of state or federal guidance on the management of wastewater residuals containing radionuclides. As a result of the 1994 hearings, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency initiated a joint NRC/EPA survey of biosolids and ash. The survey, scheduled for completion by the end of 2001, will involve the collection and analysis of biosolids and ash samples from approximately 300 voluntary POTWs across the U.S.

As a result of the NRC/EPA survey, and the historical events that preceded, municipal governments are facing increased pressure to address the potential presence of radionuclides in their wastewater treatment systems. To this end, the authors have combined their knowledge of municipal wastewater treatment operations, biosolids management and radiation protection to develop a phased approach that can be used to address the key issues associated with radionuclides in POTWs. The phases include reviews and inspections of potential dischargers, sampling and analysis reviews of existing biosolids management practices, and public relations communications. The approach can be tailored to specifically address concerns regarding the various health, safety, and environmental issues surrounding municipal residuals management programs. It should be noted that all phases are inter-related and can be performed separately or concurrently, depending upon the individual needs of the municipality. This approach also involves a vulnerability assessment that analyzes the entire residuals management program and pinpoints areas that may become problematic in the future.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more