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In the past several years, there have been legal and legislative actions regarding land application of biosolids. In several states, adverse public attitudes regarding direct land application of biosolids have resulted in bans or severe restrictions. Public health issues are being cited in order to prohibit establishment of biosolids composting facilities.

In California, five counties have banned land application of biosolids. Several others have implemented severe restrictions that, for all purposes, result in a ban. In Virginia, three counties have banned land application of biosolids. The New Hampshire Senate Bill 218, if passed, will prohibit biosolids application to forests or clear-cut land and restrict land application of Class B and use of Class A compost in landscaping.

The predominant issue in all of these cases is concern about public health and the potential for public health impacts. The objectives of this paper are to inform Water Environment Federation members of the legal and legislative issues that have been raised throughout the United States, provide information as to the basis of the legal and legislative actions, discuss the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) 40 CFR Part 503 regulations in regard to the issues, and provide recommendations for local actions to counteract adverse public opinion.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2000

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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