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This document provides a review of past experiences with the introduction of agricultural technologies in World Bank-funded projects in Mediterranean climates, with the emphasis on North Africa and the Middle East. It is intended for planners involved in agricultural development of the region. First, it describes the recent trends in the farming systems of the region and - only partially successful - past attempts to change the prevailing mono-culture cereal systems with legume/cereal farming systems. "Pipeline" technologies are then described, which might offer new opportunities to diversify current mono-culture systems and thus make the overall farming system more sustainable. Second, the document reviews the experiences with specific technologies in the area of land, crop and livestock improvement and provides an assessment of their impact and the resons for the successes and failures in their introduction in World Bank-funded and other projects. Thirdly, it provides an overview of the use of technology by World Bank staff, assessing the specificity, scope, and physical as well as socio-economic and environmental appropriateness of the technologies used. It concludes, that while a good array of "best bet" technologies is available, more attention is warranted by World Bank staff in making the correct choices.

Publisher: World Bank

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