Skip to main content

The report provides a general approach to deciding the "" where, when, and how much "" in developing and implementing wastewater management interventions. Its scope covers two main considerations: 1) the need to incorporate the general principles that determine water resources management policies into the design and selection of wastewater management and pollution control interventions; and 2) the need to address water quality problems at the appropriate geographical scale, normally at the river basin level. The report looks at the experience of four higher-income countries (France, Germany, Spain, and the United States) in managing wastewater at the river basin level. Each of them has gone through three stages: uncoordinated local management at first, then a decentralized approach with a lead planning and facilitation agency to help set priorities at the river basin level, and more recently a move toward uniform disposal standards. The paper concludes that the first stage has led to inefficiencies as well as gaps in coverage; and the third stage "" blanket "" approach gives poor value-for-money-a second-stage approach would be more effective for capital-scarce economies. Recent experiences in developing countries are assessed against this framework. The paper then maps a process by which a "" stage-two "" approach could be implemented in a river basin, the role and design of a lead water resource agency, the planning process, and the role of stakeholders.

Publisher: World Bank

Related content
Buy & download fulltext book:
Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more