Authors: Ottevanger, Wout; van den Akker, Jan; de Feiter, Leo
Publication date: March 2007
This working paper is based on a literature review and country case studies from ten Sub-Saharan African countries: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. It reveals a number of huge challenges in science, mathematics, and ICT education (SMICT) in sub-Saharan Africa: poorly-resourced schools; large classes; a curriculum hardly relevant to the daily lives of students; a lack of qualified teachers; and inadequate teacher education programs. Through examining country case studies, this paper discusses the lessons for improvement of SMICT in secondary education in Africa.
Publisher: World Bank