Lessons from NAFTA
Authors: Lederman, Daniel; Maloney, William F.; Serven, Luis
Publication date: November 2004
Analyzing the experience of Mexico under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Lessons from NAFTA aims to provide guidance to Latin American and Caribbean countries considering free trade agreements with the United States. The authors conclude that the treaty raised external trade and foreign investment inflows and had a modest effect on Mexico’s average income per person. It is likely that the treaty also helped achieve a modest reduction in poverty and an improvement in job quality.
This book will be of interest to scholars and policymakers interested in international trade and development.
"The best quantitative evaluation of NAFTA¯where it paid off, where it didn’t, and where we don't know. Indispensable for every Latin American and Caribbean country considering a free trade pact with the United States."
—Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow Institute for International Economics
"Lessons from NAFTA is a well-articulated and insightful book that covers many of the relevant areas related to the Agreement. In a hemisphere plenty of trade negotiations among Latin American countries and United States, this report written by leading trade and development researchers will be a crucial reference to analyze the impact of these agreements. As the authors mention, to grasp the new opportunities requires countries to be aware that 'improving macroeconomic performance and institutions and putting in place an education and innovation system' are areas that cannot be solved through FTAs. The onus remains on domestic policy."
—Jose Luis Machinea, Executive Secretary of the United Nations' Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, former Finance Minister of Argentina
Publisher: World Bank