This book was developed as part of a five-year program of policy seminars on economic development and environmental management as well as economic globalization and environmental sustainability. Economic development must be achieved in an environmentally sustainable manner - countries must find a durable equilibrium between their economy and their ecology. The book touches on a broad range of practical issues related to environmental management, including wealth creation, institutions, equity, energy, trade, human health, and ecological sustainability. Chapter 1 presents an overview. Chapter 2 examines the link between socioeconomic systems and the biophysical environment. Chapter 3 examines the ecological basis of environmental sustainability. Chapter 4 examines the dynamics of creating and maintaining wealth. Chapter 5 goes into greater detail on the importance of institutions in dealing with sustainable development. Chapter 6 relates poverty and income distribution to environmental management. Chapter 7 examines trends in population growth and their relationship to natural resource degradation. Chapter 8 discusses energy production, one of the main causes of pollution. Chapter 9 examines the links between trade and the environment. Chapter 10 surveys global environmental issues. Chapter 11 discusses environmental degradation. Chapter 12 concludes by looking at planning and environmental indicators and underlining the importance of information and knowledge.