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Home advantage in Home Nations, Five Nations and Six Nations rugby tournaments (1883-2011)

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This study evaluates the home advantage (percentage of points obtained playing at home) in Home Nations (HN), Five Nations (FN) and Six Nations (SN) tournaments between 1883 and 2011 obtaining a global significant value (p<0.001) of 60.99±1.57. The home advantage (HA) was calculated during different periods of the competitions taking into account the tournaments and teams (between 4 and 6 participants, depending on the competition). The HA is significant in all the periods, except in the HN 1932-1999. The evolution of the values of the HA is irregular until the professionalism of rugby (1995) a moment from which the values stabilize. The comparison in the HA between the different types of competitions didn't find any significant values. When the HA was compared between the teams significant differences were found (p<0.001) at a global level, in FN and SN tournaments. The classification of a team (-0.720) and the number of points won (0.729) has a significant association with the HA.
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Keywords: HOME ADVANTAGE; PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS; RUGBY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-04-01

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