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Reaction time and sprint results in athletics

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Abstract:

The aim of each sprint race is to cover the competition sprint distance in the shortest possible time. Each sprint race commences at the moment of start signal announcement, which means, with the speed of a push off from the start blocks. The focus of this research was on reaction time, which is the first factor in time sequence of the sprint race. The sample of subjects included 250 female athletes and 360 male athletes who performed in athletic sprint events at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. The purpose of the research was to determine the existence of reaction time influence on the sprint result. The results showed that by the increase of sprint event distance, the average reaction time value became significantly increased too. Statistically significant correlation between the reaction time and the sprint result for female athletes was found for the sprint event 100 m hurdles. For male athletes, statistically significant correlation between the reaction time and the sprint result was established for sprint events 100 m flat and 110 m hurdles. Up until nowadays, the research studies were not able to establish any statistically significant correlation between reaction time and the sprint result in the sprint events.

Keywords: ATHLETICS; OLYMPIC GAMES; REACTION TIME; SPRINT EVENTS; SPRINT RESULT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-07-01

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