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Performance Analysis of World Class Short Track Speed Skating: What Does It Take To Win?

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Abstract:

The purpose of this investigation was to examine race tactics in World Cup and World Championship speed skating finals (2003-2004) over 500m, 1000m and 1500m. The fastest average lap time for men and women in the 500m was 8.60±0.16 and 9.20±0.28s; 1000m 9.14±0.26 and 9.52±0.27s; 1500m 9.25±0.25 and 9.65±0.31s, respectively. For 500m, 1000m and 1500m, the men's winner led 71%, 57% and 52% of the time respectively with four laps to go. With three laps remaining, the women's winner led 57%, 40% and 43% of the time. Overtaking passes was evenly distributed on all areas of the track in the 500m. To obtain the lead position in the 1000m, >75% of overtaking passes occurred going into a corner, while the ability to overtake on the inside and outside was evenly divided. For the 1500m, overtaking passes was evenly distributed on all areas of the track for women; but 60% of overtaking passes took place going into the corner for men. Overtaking passes on the outside occurred 60% of the time for men while 66% of the women overtook on the inside. Overtaking passing tactics of winning skaters can be helpful for those coaching short track speed skaters to become champions.

Keywords: BUNCH POSITION; COMPETITION ANALYSIS; DRAFTING; OVERTAKING; SUCCESSFUL STRATEGIES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-02-01

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