An ınvestıgatıon ınto the openıngs used by top 100 chess players.
Abstract:The aim of the our study is an ınvestıgatıon ınto the openıngs used by top 100 chess players. The chess games (n=2046) that 70 players, who took part in Top 100 list, played during January-April 2006 period were examined. The frequencies and percentages of the openings used were calculated. Separating the chess players into five different age groups, the frequency values and percentages of the openings they used, and the winning, defeating, and drawing were calculated using the Chi-Square Test and evaluated statistically.
The most frequently played openings were as follows respectively: Sicilian defence (n=476; 23,3%), Queen's Gambit (n=326; 1,9%), Ruy Lopez/Spanish Game (n=252; 12,3%).
The kinds of openings, Semi-Open Games (33 %) are the most frequent and Other Black Response To d4 (4,1 %) is the least frequently played. According to the kinds of openings, there are statistically significant differences between the drawings, winnings and defeatings obtained (p<0.05). The kinds of openings played according to age groups, Semi-Open Games are preferred most in the 20 years old or younger, 21 to 30 years old, and 31 to 40 years old age groups, Indian Systems are preferred most in the 41 to 50 years old age group (p<0.05).
It can be claimed that Top 100 players prefer Semi-Open Games most; the winning, defeating, and drawing percentages change depending on the increasing age and the kinds of openings played; and the best opening is Caro-Kann for Whites, French Defence for Blacks, and Petrof's Defence for a draw.