Combined effect of MPO, GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms on chromosome aberrations and lung cancer risk
The role of myeloperoxidase (MPO), and glutathione S-transferase μ and (GSTM1 and GSTT1) genetic polymorphisms on lung cancer risk was investigated in 110 Caucasian patients and 119 matched controls. Single genotype variants were not significantly associated with lung cancer risk. However, inheritance of the combined GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes showed a significant increase in risk (crude OR=2.32, 95% CI=1.01 – 6.04). Based on adjustment by age, gender and smoking history, the MPO GA interacted with the presence of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes to significantly reduce the risk (OR=0.17, 95% CI=0.03 – 0.98). From the chromosome aberration (CA) study in a subgroup of 79 patients and 69 matched controls, patients had significantly more CA than the controls. Among the patients, GSTM1 null was associated with a significant increase of CA and MPO AA was associated with a significant decrease of CA compared to their respective wild-type genotypes. After stratifying by smoking history (≤ and>40 pack-years) and genotype, patients still had significantly more CA than the respective controls in most genotype categories. This indicates that the patients had additional contributing factors such as other susceptibility genes and/or different styles of smoking compared with the controls. In conclusion, our study indicates that CA is a useful biomarker to show the functional characteristics of genotypes and the interactive effects from combined genotypes. Therefore, our study strengthens the combined use of genotype and biomarkers for genetic susceptibility to environmental cancer.
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