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β1-Integrin and Il-1α expression as bystander effect of medium from irradiated cells: the pilot study

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Bystander effects have been proposed as a third action pathway of ionising radiation besides direct and indirect effects. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether expression of interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and β1-integrin is elevated in bystander cells as a marker for bystander effects in comparison with classical markers such as the clonogenic assay, apoptosis and the presence of micronuclei. The hybrid cell line E.A. hy.926 obtained by fusion of HUVEC cells with the epithelial cell line A 459 was irradiated with 0–5 Gy. Bystander effects were established via medium transfer at 45 min and 4 h after irradiation from irradiated to nonirradiated cell populations. In order to exclude effects of the irradiated medium itself, irradiated medium only was also used for transfer to nonirradiated cells. Then, cells were fixed at 1, 2, 6, and 24 h after irradiation or medium transport and IL-1α and β1-integrin were detected and evaluated. A higher number of β1-integrin-positive cells was observed in both irradiated and bystander cell populations than in the control group at 1 and 24 h after irradiation with 1 Gy or medium transfer. Significantly higher numbers of IL-1α-positive cells were found at 1, 2, and 6 h after irradiation with 1 Gy or medium transfer as well as at 2 and 6 h after irradiation with 5 Gy or medium transfer. Clonogenic survival decreased dependently on the dose in irradiated cells but did not show any significant difference between the bystander cell populations and sham-irradiated cells. The irradiated medium itself did not have any effect. It is concluded that β1-integrin and IL-1α expression may serve as more sensitive markers of post-irradiation responses in bystander cell populations than the classical radiobiological markers. Moreover, overexpression of β1-integrin and IL-1α may induce increased susceptibility to inflammation of bystander cells.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Radiobiology and Immunology, and Department of Military Medical Service Organization, Purkyneˇ Military Medical Academy, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic 2: Department of Solid States Physics, University of Leipzig, Germany 3: Department of Radiotherapy, University of Leipzig, Germany 4: Department of Radiology, South Bohemian University, Ceské Budeˇjovice, Czech Republic 5: Department of Radiotherapy, University of Halle, Germany

Publication date: 2003-07-01

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