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NADPH-diaphorase activity in the spinal cord after ischemic injury and the effects of pretreatment with Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761)

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Histochemical analysis of NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity was performed on segments of the lumbar spinal cord in rabbit after 7 days pretreatment with the Ginkgo biloba extract Tanakan, and 30 min of ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion. In sections of the L5 segment of the spinal cord of untreated controls, NADPH-d-positive neurons were identified in the dorsal horns, in the pericentral region and occasionally in the ventral horns. The rabbits were completely paraplegic after 30 min of ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion. High NADPH-d activity was found in the wall of blood vessels in sections of the L5 segment and the numbers of NADPH-d-positive neurons in all sites was moderately elevated. After 7 days of Tanakan pretreatment, 30 min of ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion, the animals did not show paraplegia. Only a light tremor of the hind limbs was observed. NADPH-d activity in blood vessels and neurons was similar to that in controls. In the dorsal horns, NADPH-d positivity in neurons and fibres was increased. Our results indicate that Tanakan can scavenge free radicals produced during ischemia/reperfusion and may reduce reperfusion damage.

Keywords: Ginkgo biloba extract; NADPH-diaphorase; ischemia-reperfusion; rabbit; spinal cord

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine, P.J. Safárik University, Department of Histology and Embryology, Kosice, Slovakia

Publication date: December 1, 2002


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