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A thin lens formula of the electrostatic bi-potential lenses

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A thin lens formula, whose object and image planes are measured from the lens center, is derived for electrostatic bi-potential lenses. Its approximation degree is discussed.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Professor Emeritus of Osaka University, 1-14-9 Takakura-chou, Miyakojima-ku, Osaka, 534-0011, Japan

Publication date: 2004-03-01

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