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Differential algebraic analysis of optical properties of monopole, dipole, and quadrupole lenses

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In this paper the differential algebraic (DA) method is applied to analyze the electron optical properties of monopole, dipole, and quadrupole lenses. The DA results are all in excellent agreement with those calculated through the analytical expressions. From the theoretical point of view, some of Crewe's conclusions are only good approximations.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Electronics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Publication date: February 1, 2004

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