Studies on the asymptotic cardinal elements and aberration coefficients of symmetric unipotential electrostatic lenses

Authors: Hawkes, P.W.1; Lencová, B.2

Source: Optik – International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, Volume 113, Number 2, 1 April 2002 , pp. 78-82(5)

Publisher: Urban & Fischer

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Numerical and theoretical evidence is provided to establish the number of independent coefficients needed to characterize fully the magnification-dependence of the spherical aberration coefficient of symmetric unipotential electrostatic lenses. Claims that the number is smaller than believed are shown to be unfounded.

Keywords: Electrostate lenses; spherical aberration coefficient; thin-lens approximation

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: 1: CEMES-CNRS, B.P. 4347, F-31055 Toulouse cedex 4, France 2: Institute of Scientific Instruments, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Královopolská 147, CZ-612 64 Brno, Czech Republic

Publication date: April 1, 2002

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