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Ciliates as a potential source of cellular and molecular biomarkers/biosensors for heavy metal pollution

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Ciliates can be valuable eukaryotic micro-organisms for use as whole-cell biosensors or as a potential cellular source of molecular biomarkers/biosensors to detect pollutants (such as heavy metals) in environmental samples. Here, we report the advantages of using ciliates in biomonitoring of heavy metals, in comparison with other micro-organisms. The diversity of experimental conditions and methodological approaches in heavy metal bioassays using ciliates are also discussed. Finally, we show several examples of the suitability of ciliates as potential whole-cell or molecular biosensors to detect bioavailable heavy metals in environmental samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Microbiología-III, Facultad de Biología, C/. José Antonio Novais, 2, Universidad Complutense (UCM), 28040 Madrid, Spain;, Email: [email protected] 2: Departamento de Microbiología-III, Facultad de Biología, C/. José Antonio Novais, 2, Universidad Complutense (UCM), 28040 Madrid, Spain;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2003-12-01

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