A new species of bathypelagic shrimp of the family Pasiphaeidae, Pasiphaea dorsolineatus (Caridea), is described on the basis of a single female specimen from off Hawaii, Central Pacific. It is distinguished from the 61 congeners by the following combination of characters: carapace
dorsally non-carinate; abdomen without posterodorsal tooth on any somite, second to sixth abdominal somites sharply carinate dorsally; posterior margin of telson very slightly concave; and merus of first pereopod armed with 1 or 2 ventral spines. The new species is the sixth known of the genus,
Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816, from the Central Pacific region.
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