The marlin conundrums: turning the tide for by-catch species
Abstract:The political economy of by-catch management is outlined with particular reference to the regulation of Makaira nigricans Lacépède, 1802 and Tetrapturus albidus poey, 1860 in the Atlantic. As has happened in the US, national policy preferences can become more conservation-oriented as a result of lobbying by focused non-commercial interests, but these groups are most effective when bolstered by broad domestic institutions. Achieving legislation domestically prior to its introduction at the international level is important, because it gives national commercial fishing interests incentives to ensure that their competition from abroad is similarly regulated. Nevertheless, billfish management requires cooperation among decision-makers from many fishing countries, most of whom formulate policy under much different circumstances. Technological solutions that reduce the costs of avoiding by-catch are still the best option for sustainable billfish management.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-11-01
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