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Free Content Frameworks for managing marine resources in Australia through ecosystem approaches: do they fit together and are they useful?

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Many ecosystem-based terms have been generated to promote more holistic approaches to the management of natural resources. Within Australia, despite the progress made toward applying these concepts to fisheries management, the multitude of terms has often caused stakeholder confusion. A national workshop concluded that ecologically sustainable development (ESD; known elsewhere as sustainable development) should be the overall goal for government and that the other terms discussed (ecosystem-based management, ecosystem-based fisheries management, etc.) described strategies that should be used by various agencies and industry sectors to work toward this goal. All ecosystem-based approaches can cover the direct and indirect environmental impacts, social and economic outcomes, and governance systems associated with an activity. The main difference among them is the scope of the regions and activities covered and therefore the breadth of issues to be managed. A hierarchy of ESD-related frameworks and tools, designed to operate at a number of levels (the individual fisher, local and multiregional management agencies), is described, and the elements needed for their implementation (correct scope, transparency, inclusiveness, measurable objectives) are discussed. These results from Australia should be directly relevant to the implementation of ecosystem-based approaches in other locations.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-05-01

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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