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Although scleractinian corals have been described for the Brazilian coast and despite the fact that the genus Tubastraea Lesson 1829 (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae) is a very common ahermatypic azooxanthellate coral with a wide geographical distribution in the world, it has
not, until recently, been reported from Brazil. Therefore, this coral is interpreted as a non-indigenous genus to the south Atlantic, probably arriving in Brazil in the late 1980s. The present study re-describes and compares two species of the genus, Tubastraea coccinea Lesson, 1829
and Tubastraea tagusensis Wells, 1982 from the rocky shores of Ilha Grande Bay, Angra dos Reis, Brazil. These corals are found on protected, shallow-water rocky shores. Of the six species of genus Tubastraea that are known, T. coccinea is the most common species in tropical
regions, while T. tagusensis was previously known only from the Galápagos archipelago. Ilha Grande Bay is a site with shipping traffic (ships and oil platforms), which probably brought these corals to the region. Results of this study expand the reported distribution of this
genus in the world.
The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.