Research on upwelling in the Taiwan Strait, based on hydrographic observations and numerical modeling, has indicated that there are four upwelling regions in the Strait: along the southwestern coast of the Taiwan Strait (SW-upwelling region), along the northwestern coast of the Taiwan
Strait (NW-upwelling region), near the Taiwan Bank (TB-upwelling region), and around the Penghu Islands (PH-upwelling region). These upwellings are principally induced by the southwesterly monsoon and the ascending movement of the northward, near-bottom current along the uplifting bottom topography.
The SW-upwelling and NW-upwelling occur during the southwesterly monsoon period in summer, and the TB-upwelling and PH-upwelling occur year-round with varying strength and scale.
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