A new species, Scantiletta corallophila, observed to bore colonies of Corallium rubrum is described from different Mediterranean locations. The species is characterized by a spiculation consisting in stout oxeas, short and thin oxeas, vermiform, delicately microspined
spirasters and rare spiny microrhabds. We propose, in agreement with the earlier suggestion of de Laubenfels (1936), to include in the genus Scantiletta only the species with two size classes of megascleres, vermiform, smooth or slightly spiny spirasters and sometimes spiny microrabds.
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