Sponges are an important structural and functional component of Caribbean coral reefs. We support this statement with our data on sponge diversity, abundance, productivity, and participation in nutrient cycling from Carrie Bow Cay on the Barrier Reef of Belize and from comparative studies
in other Caribbean locations. Sponges have at least six biological and ecological properties that make them an influential part of Caribbean coral-reef ecosystems: high diversity, higher than all coral groups combined; high abundance (area coverage) and biomass (weight, volume) that may exceed
values for all other reef epibenthos in some areas and reef zones; capacity to mediate non-animal processes such as primary production and nitrification through complex symbioses; chemical and physical adaptation for successful space competition; capability to impact the carbonate frame-work
through calcification, cementation, and bioerosion; and potential to alter the water column and its processes through high water filtering capabilities and exhalation of secondary metabolites. We conclude that thorough and informed study of sponges is indispensable when characterizing, assessing,
or monitoring a coral reef.
The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.