Is it time to give up?
Abstract:The world's coral reefs show rapid decline as a result of environmental change. Coral reef communities and organisms are stressed, potentially mortally, by (1) rising temperature, (2) rising atmospheric/surface ocean CO2 levels, (3) rising human populations, and (4) local aspects of climate change other than temperature. Further increase in all of these stressors is certain; the future rates and magnitudes of items 1–3 can be estimated with confidence to be substantially greater than changes in the recent past.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-09-01
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