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Free Content A Review of the Toxicological Studies with Polychaetous Annelids

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Abstract:

A total of 48 species in 20 families of polychaetes have been used as test organisms in assessing the effects of toxicants in the marine environment. Members of families Capitellidae, Dinophilidae, Dorvilleidae and Nereidae are the most commonly used species. Tests conducted include 1) acute, in which survival is the criterion; 2) chronic, in which some biological measure, such as growth, is used; and 3) life-cycle tests in which reproduction and the number of offspring produced are the criteria. Toxicants studied include metals, petroleum hydrocarbons, detergents, pesticides, contaminated sediments and radiation. Laboratory cultures have facilitated the testing procedures, especially for the chronic and life-cycle test. The published literature on the effects of toxicants on polychaetes is reviewed by contaminant, and then summarized in tabular forms.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1997-03-01

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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