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Free Content Design and Construction of Artificial Reefs in Malaysia

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Malaysia has embarked on the construction of an artificial reef complex using 10 cm PVC pipe. Beginning 3 March 1991, 100 units of X-shaped modules (the primary design) were assembled in the Pulau Perhentian Marine Park waters in 18 m. Modules measuring 2 m high and 2 m wide were arranged in an “E” shape (the secondary design) on a seabed of about 1,860 m2 This concept is different from other artificial reef designs such as pyramoidal shapes, discarded tires, and cylindrical concrete culverts. These later reefs have been designed to recruit fish from natural sources whereas the PVC reefs used in this study were intended to retain fish fry released in the reef complex and to explore the possibility of rearing fish fry in the wild. When the fish reach marketable size, the local fishermen will be allowed to fish using hooks and lines.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 1994

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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