Skip to main content

Free Content Artificial Reefs in the Spanish Coastal Zone

Download Article:
(PDF 2179.69921875 kb)


The Multi-annual Guidance Program (MAGP; 1987–1991) on artificial reefs was first undertaken by the Spanish government under the supervision of the European Economic Community. With this program, the Spanish government attempted to unify artificial reef construction criteria (i.e., materials, design, place selection, etc.), as well as ensure proper scientific assessment for all future artificial reefs to be established in the Spanish coastal zone. Before the 1987–1991 program, isolated artificial reef projects were developed along the Spanish shore by different institutions. Very few of these artificial reefs were assessed through base-line surveys before or impacts after their implementation. During the MAGP, 35 artificial reefs were constructed. The main goals of this Program were: 1) Protection of over-exploited coastal areas from trawl fisheries; 2) Development of diversified habitats to enhance biological production; and 3) To promote artisanal fishing in the surrounding areas. A brief description of the MAGP for 1992–1996 is also given.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1994-09-01

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more