Skip to main content

Free Content A Policy and Management Assessment of U.S. Artificial Reef Programs

Download Article:
(PDF 721.8515625 kb)
The National Artificial Reef Plan of 1985 suggested that states should play a major role in the development of guidelines for artificial reefs. However, most coastal states have not established clear artificial reef development plans that consider social, economic, environmental and biological factors associated with their artificial reef programs. Using a form of the Delphi technique, 12 artificial reef managers along the U.S. Mid-Atlantic, South-Atlantic and Gulf coasts were interviewed to describe the general status of state artificial reef programs in reference to the issues of administration, budget, siting, promotion and education, evaluation, and future trends and major concerns. The paper typifies and describes generic management problems associated with current programs, and provides recommendations to develop more effective state management systems and policies. Twenty-two recommendations are made for state agencies to consider as they develop or improve artificial reef policies and management plans.

1 Reference.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1994-09-01

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more