Skip to main content

Free Content Effectiveness of Trained Volunteer Divers in Scientific Documentation of Artificial Aquatic Habitats

Download Article:
(PDF 1,546.2 kb)


The reliability of field measurement of 15 environmental variables by trained volunteer divers was evaluated at artificial reefs in the Atlantic Ocean 10 to 65 km offshore Jacksonville, Florida, USA from July 1990 to May 1991. Overall performance of the diver organization included nine field trips by the Jacksonville Scubanauts Reef Research Team, in which 49 members and three technical advisers maintained a 100% safety record with 222 dives and 120.1 h underwater. Diving conditions typical of the U.S. Atlantic coast included slight to moderate currents, visibility of 3 to 20 m, and depth of 20 to 40 m. Volunteers successfully performed seven tasks during initial trials, i.e., determining site location, presence of natural reefs, salinity, sediment composition and reef profile, sampling attached invertebrates, and compilation of a fish species list. Five other variables were determined reliably after modification of the methods initially used by the organization: reef perimeter, visibility, current direction, temperature, and thermocline depth. Two tasks, measurement of sediment thickness and current speed, could not be executed successfully due to inadequate equipment or technique. Finally, quantitative fish census failed from insufficient training and knowledge of some of the participants. During the project the volunteer diver organization revised and published its methods manual. The conclusion is that volunteer divers offer a credible capability for field sampling and measurement of certain environmental variables when proper training and support services are provided. Volunteers can augment the scientific observations of research organizations, and reef managers.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 1994

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more