This study presents the lepadomorph cirripeds of the family Scalpellidae from the Brazilian coast. Seven species are recorded: Lithotrya dorsalis (Ellis and Solander, 1786); Litoscalpellum henriquecostai (Weber, 1960); L. regina (Pilsbry, 1907); Arcoscalpellum
portoricanum portoricanum (Pilsbry, 1907); A. triangulare (Hoek, 1883); one new species of Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907; and Ornatoscalpellum gibberum (Aurivillius, 1892), the last as being of probable occurrence. Except for L. henriquecostai, all recorded species
are new occurrences. Lithotrya atlantica Borradaile, 1916 is considered a junior synonym of L. dorsalis.
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