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Free Content Molting By Cupuladria Doma, A Free-living Bryozoan

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In contrast to most shallow water bryozoans, which grow attached to vertical or undersurfaces of substrata, the free-living colonies of cupuladriid bryozoans occur on sand bottoms. In this open and well-illuminated habitat the colonies, raised like tiny domed islands above the sand grains, are subjected to intense overgrowth, particularly by algae. Cupuladriids cope with biological fouling by periodically molting their chitinous outer body layer.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 1989

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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