Skip to main content

Free Content Artificial Reefs in the Mediterranean Sea

Download Article:
(PDF 640.8 kb)


Floating artificial structures called “Kannizzati” have been used since time immemorial in the Mediterranean Sea, mostly in the southern basin (Sicily Malta) for so-called “fishing-in-the-shade.” First experiences with man-made reefs in the Mediterranean Sea (Italy, France, Israel) date to the early 1970's. The first scientifically directed artificial reef was built in 1974, in the Adriatic Sea, with stones and concrete blocks. Subsequently, old ships were sunk in the same area and mussels were cultured on ropes suspended from iron frames. In Italy, artificial reefs built on soft bottom in near-shore areas are multipurpose mechanical structures to prevent illegal near-shore bottom trawling, to provide refuge for marine species, and for mariculture of suspended mussels in unsheltered areas of high primary productivity.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 1989

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more