Tenneco II Artificial Reef Project: An Evaluation of Rigs-to-Reefs Fisheries Development
The Tenneco II artificial reef in Florida resulted from the conversion of obsolete offshore petroleum platforms into an artificial reef complex. An evaluation of the Tenneco II project provided information on the efficacy of using obsolete petroleum platforms as artificial reefs for fishery development. The research results are grouped in three sections. The first section investigates the planning and construction of Tenneco II in the light of established artificial reef planning frameworks. In general, the Tenneco II project was developed according to the guidelines in the National Artificial Reef Plan and demonstrated the need for clear and cohesive project objectives when undertaking such public/private cooperative ventures. The second section considers Tenneco II reef siting decisions. The lack of formal siting procedures for the Tenneco II project resulted in some difficulties in determining appropriate locations for the reef structures. Given this need, a system for future Rigs-to-Reefs siting is described in terms of a coastal zone mapping process. The last section examines the socio-economic implications of Tenneco II including measurements of use and economic values associated with the reef. Overall, local sport fishermen were willing to pay an average of $14.36 per individual for the construction of another reef like Tenneco II. Given the evaluation of Tenneco II planning, siting, and socio-economic benefits, implications for the future use of petroleum platforms as artificial reefs are discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 1989
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