Skip to main content

Free Content Social Organization and Reproductive Behavior of the Hawkfish Cirrhitichthys Falco (Cirrhitidae)

Download Article:
(PDF 910.5 kb)


The social organization and reproductive behavior of the hawkfish Cirrhitichthys falco Randall (Cirrhitidae) was studied at Tanguisson Reef, Guam and at additional Pacific localities. Single males dominated social groups of 1–7 females; “sneaker” males and juveniles were also present in some social groups. Male-male social interactions were rare and limited to encounters between dominant males and sneaker males, rather than adjacent dominant males. Male-female, female-female and male-juvenile interactions were usually limited to the onset of dusk. Interspecific interactions were also common at this time.

Courtship and spawning behavior was sequential and occurred daily at the Tanguisson site, commencing just after sunset and continuing until darkness. Thirteen motor patterns were utilized during courtship resulting in pelagic spawning.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 1987

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more