Introductions of Marine Fishes to the Hawaiian Islands
Abstract:Unsuccessful attempts have been made to introduce the following marine fishes or freshwater fishes of high salinity tolerance to the Hawaiian Islands: the Gulf killifish, Fundulus grandis (from Seabrook, Texas, 1905); the striped bass, Roccus lineatus (San Francisco, 1920); the ayu, Plecoglossus altivelis (Japan, 1925); the chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha (northwestern U.S., 1925–1929); the deepbody anchovy, Anchoa compressa (California, 1932); the groupers Epinephelus hexagonatus and E. merra (Moorea, 1956, 1961); the f1agtail Kuhlia rupestris (Guam, 1957); the groupers Cephalopholis urodeta, Epinephelus fasciatus, and E. spiniger, the snapper Lutjanus gibbus, and an emperor Lethrinus sp. (Marquesas, 1958; additional E. urodeta and L. gibbus from Moorea in 1961); and the snapper Lutjanus guttatus (Manzanillo, Mexico, 1960). Successful introductions include the sailfin molly Poecilia latipinna (Seabrook, Texas, 1905); the Mozambique tilapia, Tilapia mossambica (via Singapore, 1951, 1952); the Marquesan sardine, Sardinella marquesensis (Nuku Hiva, 1955–1958); the blacktail snapper, Lutjanus fulvus, and the bluespotted grouper, Cephalopholis argus (Moorea, 1956); the bluestripe snapper, Lutjanus kasmira (Marquesas, 1958); and the threadfin shad, Dorosoma petenense (California, 1958–1959). Unintentionally introduced with the Marquesan sardine were the mullet Valamugil engeli and the goatfish Upeneus vittatus. Also accidentally introduced were the silvery tilapia, Tilapia melanotheron (via New York, 1962) and the goldspot herring, Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Jaluit, Marshall Islands, 1972). The shortfin molly, Poecilia mexicana, and the Cuban molly, P. vittata, became established in Hawaii before 1950 from an unknown source. The introductions of the tilapias, L. kasmira and V. engeli, are regrettable.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1987-09-01
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