Free Content Physiological ecology of two species of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyta) on the west coast of Florida

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Abstract:

Sargassum filipendula and S. pteropleuron, two species of the brown algal genus common to the west coast of Florida, were studied over an 18-month period. A population of each species became 100% reproductive by late October in both years and new growth from the perennial bases occurred by the end of March. Mature plants, measuring 1 to 1.5 m in length, were present by the end of June. Ash content was highest in older dying plants and new growth. Protein levels were highest in young growing plants. Soluble carbohydrate was highest in mature plants found during the summer and early fall months. Lipid levels were low and did not show seasonal patterns. Kilojoules were uniform for both species throughout the year. The compensation-photon flux density was less than 100 μE m−2 s−1 and light saturation was less than 1,000 μE−2 s−1 for both species. Both species showed broad tolerances to 12 combinations of temperature and salinity in factorial experiments. Low photosynthetic responses occurred after the two species reached maturity in the summer and initiated reproduction in the fall.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 1987

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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