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Free Content 106 new records of fishes from the Marshall Islands

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Schultz and collaborators (1953–1966) listed 543 species of fishes from the Marshall Islands (Gobiidae omitted). Eighty-six new records and new species of fishes have been recorded since their series of bulletins appeared. In the present paper the following 106 new records or valid early records overlooked by Schultz and collaborators are reported from the Marshalls, principally Enewetak and Kwajalein: the hexanchid Hexanchus griseus; the albulid Albula glossodonta; the muraenid Uropterygius kamar; the congrids Heteroconger hassi and Poeciloconger fasciatus (also here recorded from the Hawaiian Islands); the ophichthid Apterichtus klazingai; the antennariids Antennarius analis, A. pictus, A. randalli, and Antennatus tuberosus; the isonid Iso hawaiiensis; the anomalopid Photoblepharon palpebratus; the holocentrids Myripristis adustus, M. vittatus, Sargocentron caudimaculatum, S. melanospilos and S. praslin; the syngnathid Syngnathoides biaculeatus; the scorpaenids Dendrochirus zebra, Parascorpaena mcadamsi, and Scorpaenodes hirsutus; the pegasid Eurypegasus draconis; the serranids Anthias pleurotaenia, Cephalopholis analis, C. sonnerati (C. purpureus is a junior synonym), Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus, Gracila albomarginata, Plectranthias winniensis and Plectropomus oligacanthus; the grammistid Pogonoperca punctata; the plesiopid Calloplesiops altivelis; the cirrhitid Oxycirrhites typus; the apogonids Apogon doryssa and Apogonichthys perdix (A. waikiki is a junior synonym); the malacanthids Hoplolatilus cuniculus, Malacanthus brevirostris and M. latovittatus; the carangids Alectis ciliaris, Carangoides plagiotaenia and Trachinotus blochii; the lutjanid Lutjanus semicinctus; the caesionid Caesio caerulaurea; the haemulids Plectorhynchus obscurus and P. picus; the lethrinid Lethrinus ramak; the nemipterid Pentapodus caninus; the mullids Mulloides pflugeri, Parupeneus barberinoides, P. blfasciatus (P. trifasciatus is a junior synonym; the species in the Pacific that has been named trifasciatus should be identified as P. moana), P. heptacanthus and Upeneus taeniopterus; the kyphosid Kyphosus vaigiensis; the chaetodontids Chaetodon tinkeri and Heniochus varius; the pomacanthids Centropyge bicolor, C. loriculus, C. multifasciatus, Genicanthus bellus and G. watanabei (G. vermiculatus is a junior synonym); the pomacentrids Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster, Chromis atripes, C. elerae, C. vanderbilti, Chrysiptera caeruleolineata and Lepidozygus tapeinosoma; the labrids Anampses melanurus, A. meleagrides, Bodianus anthioides, B. axillaris, B. diana, B. loxozonus, Cheilinus bimaculatus, C. orientalis, Cheilio inermis, Cirrhilabrus exquisitus, Cymolutes torquatus, Halichoeres richmondi, Pseudocoris yamashiroi, Pseudodax moluccanus, Pseudojuloides cerasinus and Xyrichtys pavo; the scarids Calotomus spinidens, Scarus atropectoralis, S. dimidiatus, S. Jorsteni (the S. tricolor of Randall and Choat, 1980), S. frenatus, S. ghobban, S. niger and S. oviceps; the blenniids Entomacrodus caudofasciatus and Plagiotremus rhinorhynchos; the callionymid Synchiropus ocellatus; the acanthurids Acanthurus maculiceps, Ctenochaetus binotatus (C. oculocoeruleus is a synonym), C. hawaiiensis, C. marginatus (C. cyanoguttatus is a junior synonym), C. strigosus and Naso tuberosus; the siganid Siganus puellus; the balistid Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus; the monacanthid Cantherhines fronticinctus; the tetraodontids Canthigaster bennetti, C. coronata, C. epilampra and C. valentini; and the diodontid Diodon liturosus. Seventy of these records are represented by specimens in museums (mainly the Bishop Museum, Honolulu), 30 are based on photographs (two from a submarine and the rest by divers), one from a figure in Hiyama (1943), and five on sight records.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1986-01-01

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