Javichthys kailolae, new genus and species, is described from 12 specimens taken from depths of 62–85 m, in waters off the southern coast of Java. It differs from Reicheltia Hardy in having the eye adnate only dorsally, less dense though more widely distributed spination,
a proportionately longer caudal peduncle, and in lacking a ventrolateral skinfold. Skull osteology is superficially similar to Torquigener Whitley, but differs in the more posteriorly directed sphenotic processes, longer and more slender palatines, highly pronounced medial ridge on
each frontal-sphenotic recess, and a straight medial edge on each premaxillary posterior process.
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