Skip to main content

Free Content Sequence of Coloration Changes During Sex Reversal in the Tropical Marine Fish Anthias Squamipinnis (Peters)

Download Article:
(PDF 2,373.9 kb)


The color pattern of females of the protogynous fish Anthias squamipinnis contrasted strongly with the color pattern of males. Both in the laboratory and in the field, females were induced to change sex by removing a male from their social groups. Color changes of the sex-reversing fish occurred in two phases: a short term phase, in which the basic pattern of male coloration was laid down in black or black-violet pigment; and a long term phase during which the black-violet coloration became progressively paler and more purely red or red-violet. During the short term phase in the laboratory, color changes appeared first on the pelvic fins or in the head-nape region, next on the dorsal fin or in the superior pectoral region, then on the caudal fin, and finally in the inferior pectoral region. The day-by-day sequence of changes was characterized by an early onset (3–6 days after male removal), a short interim period (2–11 days), and a short total time for completion (7–16 days after male removal). 75% of 44 sex reversals in the lab and in the field followed this typical sequence. Sequences in the field were slightly more prolonged than sequences in the laboratory. Two atypical sequences characterized the remaining sex reversals. Differences in the temporal characteristics of color change sequences appeared to be related primarily to differences in the social circumstances surrounding the initiation of sex reversal. It appeared likely, therefore, that social factors could influence the sequence of coloration changes during sex reversal.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1981

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more