The labrid tribe Bodianini is represented in the Hawaiian Islands by two genera and four species: Bodianus bilunulatus, Bodianus vulpinus, Bodianus sanguineus, and Polylepion russelli. A key to the Hawaiian species and a more complete description of P.
russelli (Gomon and Randall) is presented. P. russelli is distinctive in possessing XI, 11 dorsal-fin rays, ii, 18 pectoral-fin rays, and 487–52 lateral-line scales; the species is pink with three yellow stripes and a large orange-red spot at the upper base of the caudal fin.
B. bilinulatus is regarded as subspecifically distinct in Hawaii, and takes the available name B. b. albotaeniatus.
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