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Free Content The Marine Bryozoa Near the Panama Canal

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The diversity of Bryozoa at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal is threefold that at the Atlantic. Three ecological components are recognized on the Pacific side, two on the Atlantic. Since its inception 56 years ago, successful transmigrations of Bryozoa through the Canal have been unidirectional, as demonstrated by the occurrence of three Atlantic fouling species at the Pacific entrance, i.e., Membranipora annae Osburn, Electra monostachys (Busk) and Bugula stolonifera Ryland. Gemelliporidra multilamellosa (Canu & Bassler) and Trematooecia aviculifera (Canu & Bassler), both previously known as fossils from the Upper Tertiary of Panama, have persisted into the Recent Panamic-Atlantic intertidal environment.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 1971

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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