The Occurrence of Sea Wasps (Cubomedusae) in Mississippi Sound and the Northern Gulf of Mexico
Two species of Cubomedusae, Chiropsalmus quadrumanus and Tamoya haplonema, are reported from the northern Gulf of Mexico in Mississippi coastal waters. C. quadrumanus was commonly taken in Mississippi Sound in August and September. Two specimens of Tamoya haplonema taken at a depth of 50 fathoms constitute the first record of this species in the Gulf of Mexico. Conditions of high salinity and temperature in Mississippi Sound probably allowed for the development of populations of these bottom-dwelling medusae in the estuary. Specimens of Chiropsalmus with intact gonads were found to be sexually mature, indicating a breeding population in northern Gulf waters. The morphology of Chiropsalmus and Tamoya is also considered.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 December 1970
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