Aspects of the adult biology and larval development of the hippolytid caridean shrimp, Tozeuma carolinense are discussed. This species is one of the most common found in the extensive grass beds of south Florida marine and estuarine waters, and its larvae are common in the plankton
of the shallow coastal waters. Lesser numbers of adults are found on sea fans in the coral reef complexes located south of Miami. Detailed description of the larval development of the animal is based on numerous successful rearings under controlled laboratory conditions. Data are presented
which suggest the effect of temperature and genetic constitution on the number of larval intermolts and on the length of larval life. The species is found in two distinct habitats, and differences in larval development are reported from each.
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