Skip to main content

Free Content Some Osmotic Adaptations of Onuphis Magna (Polychaeta: Onuphidae)

Download Article:
(PDF 733.2568359375 kb)


Microcryoscopic comparisons of freezing-point depressions in paired coelomic fluid and diluted sea-water samples show that Onuphis magna is a hyperosmotic regulator with an osmoregulation curve exhibiting a distinct leveling at 245-265 mM/1 NaCl concentrations; but Onuphis fails to survive at the greatest dilutions (less than 25 per cent sea water or 4.5‰ Cl), indicating a probable lack of tolerance to dilution in its tissues.

This species exhibits a pattern of volume regulation similar to that previously published for O. erimita, regaining near normal body volume within three hours after experimental dilution. A lack of increase in respiration during volume regulation, in disagreement with published reports for Neanthes, is apparent from a limited number of observations on Onuphis. Volume regulation occurs mainly in the middle body region, the anteriormost segments, which have either reduced or no nephridia, remaining conspicuously swollen. In nature these segments may serve as a plug for the tube to restrict further water influx into the lower tube and burrow. In addition to differential swelling, posterior coelomic fluids are maintained in a distinctly darker and more viscous state than those of the most anterior segments under hyposaline conditions. The significance of such differential phenomena in the osmoregulation of this species is discussed.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1965-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more