Marine Fungi in Biscayne Bay, Florida. II. Further Studies of Occurrence and Distribution
Abstract:A survey in Biscayne Bay, Florida, of the marine fungal population, reveals the presence of seven morphologically different halophilic wood-inhabitating fungi, all of the general class Ascomycetes. Five of these fungi are described here, while two forms have been described in the initial paper of this investigation. All of the fungi are true marine forms, occurring consistently on wood submerged in marine areas. Forms similar to fungal types found in Biscayne Bay, have been discovered in investigations at Bimini, Bahamas, across the Gulf Stream from the Florida coast. Studies over a period of 18 months indicate noticeable variations in concentrations of the fungi coincident with differences in the biological activity of the area.
The fungi described are studied in pure culture on salt water agar, tabulating mycelial growth rates and the mode and rate of ascocarpic production. Correlated cultural studies and field collections show a high rate of fungal activity, relative to the different fungi, thus enabling the comparison of the biological processes of the individual fungi on wood submerged in marine environments.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1953-01-01
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