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Free Content Seasonal Changes in the Surface Water Masses and in their Plankton in the Bermuda Area

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Bermuda plankton studies showed seasonal differences in the fauna which suggested different origins of the water in summer and winter. Studies of the geographical distribution of typical summer and winter species confirmed this, showing widely different centers of distribution for the two seasonal groups. Previous studies of currents and of the distributions of temperature and transparency suggested an eddy of the Gulf Stream, reaching Bermuda from the east or southeast. The present current studies confirm the indications of the plankton distribution in showing that Bermuda summer water comes from the North Equatorial Current, while the winter water comes from an eddy of the Gulf Stream approximately along the 30° parallel.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1953-01-01

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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