A new genus and species of myopsid squid, Pickfordiateuthis pulchella, is described from specimens collected at various stations in the Florida Keys. Because of certain differences, this species is designated as the type of a new family, Pickfordiateuthidae, which appears to
be closely related to the Loliginidae. Its habitat, range, and possible relationship to other families of the myopsid squids are discussed.
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