The occurrence of the genus Stilbognathus is reported for the first time in American waters with the description of a new species, S. burryi, from the unique female holotype taken off Hillsboro Light, Florida, in 125 feet of water, by L. A. Burry. A key to the known species
of Stilbognathus is given and the relationships of the five genera representing the subfamily Ophthalmiinae in the western Atlantic are considered.
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